A Model for Torture Prevention in Asia
A report published by the Asian Human Rights Commission (AHRC), Hong Kong and Rehabilitation and Research Centre for Torture Victims (RCT), Denmark
This paper is an attempt to introduce how one regional human rights organisation, the Asian Human Rights Commission (AHRC), has evolved to develop a local network of grassroots level organisations in Sri Lanka, to resist and overcome the repression faced by the people of that country.
"I had the privilege of addressing about 100 Inspectors on "Investigation techniques to minimize violation of human rights" at a police training programme conducted by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in early July this year.
When I asked these officers their opinion of human rights, especially the aspect of torture, their observations were that they had to resort to use of force to solve cases due to the following reasions:
Sense of shame and loss of face if they fail to solve the case by recovering the weapon of the offence or the fruits of the crime, where there were several eyewitnesses testifying against the suspect;
Lack of resources - personnel/vehicles, equipment etc. to pursue investigations;
The period of custory of 24 hoursbeing insufficient;
Pressure from superiors to solve cases, with the implication that the consequences of non-compliance or failure to successfully complete investigations within the time limit would result in unfavourable reports to their personnel file or other strictures, whihc would adversely affect their career prospects.
After listening to their response, I posed the question whether they had ever carried out acts that could be classified as torture, or whether they had heard of torture being perpetrated on memebers of the privileged classes such as politicians, the rich and persons of high standing in society, notwithstanding accusations or evidence to believe that such persons had been concerned in murder, sometimes multiple murders, fraud involving millions of rupees, rape and other such serious crime; whether force had been used on such serious crime; whether force had been used on such persons to extort information or evidence relevant to the crime committed; whether force, or physical intimidation had been used to obtain information on the weapons used for the murders or to trace the stolen/defrauded loot. The answer was negative.
When I asked them whether I was incorrect in saying that in almost all the instances of torture in police custody, the victims were the poor, the destitute and the defenseless, they sheepishly admitted it was so.
The irony of the situation is that torture had been directed against the weakest sections of society - the sections that needed the highest protection from the state."
- D.I.G. J. Thangavelu -
The Sunday Times, August 7, 2005
Published in October 2005 by the Asian Human Rights Commission (AHRC) & Rehabilitation and Research Centre for Torture Victims (RCT), 72 pages, ISBN: 962-8314-24-6